Capacitive deionization of seawater effected by nano Ag and Ag@C on graphene

P. F. Cai, C. J. Su, W. T. Chang, F. C. Chang, C. Y. Peng, I. W. Sun, Y. L. Wei, C. J. Jou, H. Paul Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drinking water shortage has become worse in recent decades. A new capacitive deionization (CDI) method for increasing water supplies through the effective desalination of seawater has been developed. Silver as nano Ag and Ag@C which was prepared by carbonization of the Ag+-β-cyclodextrin complex at 573K for 30min can add the antimicrobial function into the CDI process. The Ag@C and Ag nanoparticles dispersed on reduced graphene oxide (Ag@C/rGO and nano Ag/rGO) were used as the CDI electrodes. The nano Ag/rGO and Ag@C/rGO electrodes can reduce the charging resistant, and enhance the electrosorption capability. Better CDI efficiencies with the nano Ag/rGO and Ag@C/rGO electrodes can therefore be obtained. When reversed the voltage, the electrodes can be recovered up to 90% within 5min. This work presents the feasibility for the nano Ag and Ag@C on rGO electrodes applied in CDI process to produce drinking water from seawater or saline water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-737
Number of pages5
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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