Background: There are few data on ticagrelor in Asian patients. This study evaluated clinical outcomes with ticagrelor and clopidogrel in Taiwanese patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods and Results: We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to identify 27,339 AMI patients aged ≥18 years between January 2012 and December 2014, and only patients who survived greater than or equal to 30 days after AMI and took dual antiplatelet therapy were included. Cohorts of ticagrelor and clopidogrel were matched 1:8, based on propensity score matching, to balance baseline covariates. The primary efficacy endpoints were death from any cause, AMI, or stroke. The safety endpoints consisted of major gastrointestinal bleeding or intracerebral hemorrhage. Following propensity matching, the primary efficacy endpoint rate was 22% lower in the ticagrelor group than in the clopidogrel group (10.6% and 16.2%, respectively; adjusted HR, 0.779; 95% CI: 0.684–0.887). The safety endpoint rate was similar between the ticagrelor and clopidogrel groups (3.2% and 4.1% respectively; adjusted HR, 0.731; 95% CI: 0.522–1.026). Conclusions: In real-world AMI Taiwanese patients, ticagrelor seemed to offer better anti-ischemic protection than clopidogrel, without an increase in the rate of major bleeding. A large-scale randomized trial is needed to assess the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor in East Asian AMI patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine