18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Numerical simulation of the catalytic ignition of multi-fuels is performed in a stagnation flow to identify the interaction among the primary components of gasified biomass on platinum surface. Simulations of selected single fuel are firstly performed and the results are compared with available experimental data. The results show that the ignition temperature increases with strain rates for the major biomass components as they are catalytically ignited individually. For H2/CO mixture, the two components always ignite simultaneously and the existence of H2 in the mixture will result in a lower ignition temperature than that for the sole CO. On the other hand, catalytic combustion of H2 or CO would help to reduce the catalytic ignition temperature of CH4 in the H2/CH4 or CO/CH4 mixture. However, the ignition for the synthesized gasified biomass would depend on the fuel concentrations and the strain rate. The existence of other components in the simultaneous multi-fuels and the competitions between different fuels and oxygen for active surface sites change the catalytic ignition behavior. Higher strain rate would result in higher steady-state surface temperature, but it would also require higher ignition temperature. These phenomena can be explained by the characteristics of the surface coverage of the main surface species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-113
Number of pages17
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume83
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Aug 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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