Catalytic partial oxidation of methanol and ethanol for hydrogen generation

Keith L. Hohn, Yu-Chuan Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen-powered fuel cell vehicles feature high energy efficiency and minor environmental impact. Liquid fuels are ideal hydrogen carriers, which can catalytically be converted into syngas or hydrogen to power vehicles. Among the potential liquid fuels, alcohols have several advantages. The hydrogen/carbon ratio is higher than that of other liquid hydrocarbons or oxygenates, especially in the case of methanol. In addition, alcohols can be derived from renewable biomass resources. Catalytic partial oxidation of methanol or ethanol offers immense potential for onboard hydrogen generation due to its rapid reaction rate and exothermic nature. These benefits stimulate a burgeoning research community in catalyst design, reaction engineering, and mechanistic investigation. The purpose of this Minireview is to provide insight into syngas and hydrogen production from methanol and ethanol partial oxidation, particularly highlighting catalytic chemistry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-940
Number of pages14
JournalChemSusChem
Volume2
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Methanol
methanol
Hydrogen
ethanol
Ethanol
hydrogen
oxidation
Oxidation
Liquid fuels
Alcohols
liquid
Hydrogen production
Hydrocarbons
Reaction rates
Environmental impact
Energy efficiency
fuel cell
Fuel cells
Biomass
energy efficiency

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

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Catalytic partial oxidation of methanol and ethanol for hydrogen generation. / Hohn, Keith L.; Lin, Yu-Chuan.

In: ChemSusChem, Vol. 2, No. 10, 01.01.2009, p. 927-940.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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