Cellulose nanocrystal extraction from rice straw using a chlorine-free bleaching process

Shih Chen Shi, Guan Ting Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) have attracted tremendous attention because of their excellent chemical and physical properties and due to their renewability and sustainability. This material can be extracted from agricultural by-products such as rice straw, banana tree, or bagasse. Rice straw was selected as the raw material in this study. Initially, a large amount of lignin must be removed by an alkaline process to obtain a slurry. Thereafter, a green bleaching process can be used to remove the remaining lignin in the slurry. An UV-emitting diode with 365 nm wavelength assisted the oxidation reaction of the H2O2 solution without the use of chlorine-containing chemical bleach. The reaction required only 2.5 h to obtain high-purity cellulose and successfully enhanced the yield. Transmission electron microscopy images showed that the CNCs from rice straw were ~ 100 nm long and 10–15 nm wide. The crystalline index and degradation temperature of CNCs were 83.8% and 257 °C, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6147-6158
Number of pages12
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics


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