BACKGROUND: Central obesity is a rising epidemic, and often occurs in parallel with dyslipidemia. Furthermore, enhancement of ectopic fat deposition has been observed in both human studies and animal models of altered lipidemic control. Though APOA1/ C3/A4/A5 genetic polymorphisms are associated with dyslipidemia, their effect on central obesity is less known. METHOD: The anthropometric and metabolic parameters were taken from obese (body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kgm-2) and nonobese healthy (BMI <25) Taiwanese patients at the initiation weight-loss intervention and 6 months later. The effects of APOA1/C3/ A4/A5 genetic polymorphisms were analyzed cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Gender contributions were specifically examined. PATIENTS: Three hundred and ninety-eight participants (obese n=262; non-obese healthy n=136) were recruited in total, and 130 obese patients underwent weight-loss treatments. RESULTS: APOA5 rs662799 minor allele carriage was associated with unfavorable metabolic profiles in obese but not non-obese individuals at baseline. Further analysis identified gender-genotype interactions in waist-hip ratio (WHR), and that one rs662799 minor allele increased 0.032 WHR unit in obese males as analyzed by linear regression adjusted for age, BMI and plasma triglyceride (TG) (95% confidence interval (CI)=0.014-0.050, P=0.001). The rs662799-associated WHR elevation resulted in increased frequency of central obesity (WHR ≥1.0) in rs662799 carrying obese males as analyzed by binary logistic regression adjusted for age, BMI and plasma TG (odds ratio=6.52, 95% CI=1.87-22.73, P=0.003). In contrast, APOA5 rs662799 and central obesity were no longer correlated 6 months into weight-loss treatments, owing to significant WHR reductions in male rs662799 minor allele carriers (P=0.001). Meanwhile, hypertriglyceridemia was more prevalent in both male and female obese rs662799 minor allele carriers at baseline (males, P=0.034, females, P=0.007). CONCLUSION: This study highlights the gender-specific and weight-sensitive effects of APOA5 rs662799 on central obesity in Taiwanese individuals, and that these effects are dyslipidemia-independent and weight-loss responsive.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism