Changes in bladder nerve-growth factor and p75NTR genetic expression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Yat-Ching Tong, Juei Tang Cheng

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess changes associated with diabetes in urinary bladder nerve-growth factor (NGF) and NGF receptor p75NTR expression using a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats (32) were divided into four equal groups: group I, vehicle-treated normal rats; group II, vehicle-treated 9-week STZ-diabetic rats; group III, insulin-treated 9-week STZ-diabetic rats; group IV, phlorizin-treated 9-week STZ-diabetic rats. Bladder NGF levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Expressions of the mRNAs that encoded NGF and NGF receptor p75NTR in the rat bladder were evaluated using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The mean (SEM) NGF level in the STZ-diabetic rat bladder was significantly lower than in the control group, at 56.56 (8.28) and 84.33 (11.05) pg/μ protein, respectively (P < 0.01). The mRNA expressions of bladder NGF and p75NTR in the diabetic rats were significantly lower than in the control group (P < 0.05 and < 0.001, respectively). Treatment with either insulin or phlorizin restored the normal blood sugar level; moreover, the bladder NGF levels and the expressions of both NGF and p75NTR mRNAs were normal. CONCLUSION: The decrease in the genetic expression of NGF and p75NTR might be responsible for the pathogenesis of diabetic cystopathy while hyperglycaemia is part of the cause of these changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1392-1396
Number of pages5
JournalBJU International
Volume96
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology

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