A high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell is considered a solution to improve the cell performance under CO-contained hydrogen and to simplify the gas purification process of a reformate fuel cell system. In this study, polybenzimidazole-based phosphoric acid-doped fuel cells are studied under simulated reformate gases of different H2, N2 and CO concentrations. The experimental results show that the dilution effect of N2 has a minor impact on the cell performance in absence of CO. However, the CO poisoning increases the charge transfer resistance and leads to a substantial performance drop. This work also reveals that increasing the operating temperature can effectively improve the CO tolerance by suppressing the Pt-CO binding reaction. In addition, the CO poisoning effect becomes more significant in diluted H2. As a result, the CO concentration should be maintained lower than a critical level to prevent a high CO coverage on the catalyst which leads to a noteworthy voltage shut-down, especially in highly diluted H2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology