Characteristics and generation of secondary jets and secondary gigantic jets

Li Jou Lee, Sung Ming Huang, Jung Kung Chou, Cheng Ling Kuo, Bing-Chih Chen, Han-Tzong Su, Rue-Ron Hsu, Harald U. Frey, Yukihiro Takahashi, Lou Chuang Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Secondary transient luminous events (TLEs) recorded by the ISUAL-FORMOSAT2 mission can either be secondary jets or secondary gigantic jets (GJs), depending on their terminal altitudes. The secondary jets emerge from the cloud top beneath the preceding sprites and extend upward to the base of the sprites at ∼50 km. The secondary jets likely are negative electric discharges with vertically straight luminous columns, morphologically resembling the trailing jet of the type-I GJs. The number of luminous columns in a secondary jet seems to be affected by the size of the effective capacitor plate formed near the base of the preceding sprites and the charge distribution left behind by the sprite-inducing positive cloud-to-ground discharges. The secondary GJs originate from the cloud top under the shielding area of the preceding sprites, and develop upward to reach the lower ionosphere at ∼90 km. The observed morphology of the secondary GJs can either be the curvy shifted secondary GJs extending outside the region occupied by the preceding sprites or the straight pop-through secondary GJs developing through the center of the preceding circular sprites. A key factor in determining the terminal height of the secondary TLEs appears to be the local ionosphere boundary height that established by the preceding sprites. The abundance and the distribution of the negative charge in the thundercloud following the sprite-inducing positive cloud-to-ground discharges may play important role in the generation of the secondary TLEs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA06317
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume117
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1

Fingerprint

sprite
cloud-to-ground discharges
Ionosphere
ionosphere
thundercloud
lower ionosphere
Electric discharges
electric discharges
Charge distribution
Shielding
charge distribution
ionospheres
shielding
capacitors
Capacitors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Lee, Li Jou ; Huang, Sung Ming ; Chou, Jung Kung ; Kuo, Cheng Ling ; Chen, Bing-Chih ; Su, Han-Tzong ; Hsu, Rue-Ron ; Frey, Harald U. ; Takahashi, Yukihiro ; Lee, Lou Chuang. / Characteristics and generation of secondary jets and secondary gigantic jets. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2012 ; Vol. 117, No. 6.
@article{c24a58a8ef4e4ee9b5180c2bc85a708d,
title = "Characteristics and generation of secondary jets and secondary gigantic jets",
abstract = "Secondary transient luminous events (TLEs) recorded by the ISUAL-FORMOSAT2 mission can either be secondary jets or secondary gigantic jets (GJs), depending on their terminal altitudes. The secondary jets emerge from the cloud top beneath the preceding sprites and extend upward to the base of the sprites at ∼50 km. The secondary jets likely are negative electric discharges with vertically straight luminous columns, morphologically resembling the trailing jet of the type-I GJs. The number of luminous columns in a secondary jet seems to be affected by the size of the effective capacitor plate formed near the base of the preceding sprites and the charge distribution left behind by the sprite-inducing positive cloud-to-ground discharges. The secondary GJs originate from the cloud top under the shielding area of the preceding sprites, and develop upward to reach the lower ionosphere at ∼90 km. The observed morphology of the secondary GJs can either be the curvy shifted secondary GJs extending outside the region occupied by the preceding sprites or the straight pop-through secondary GJs developing through the center of the preceding circular sprites. A key factor in determining the terminal height of the secondary TLEs appears to be the local ionosphere boundary height that established by the preceding sprites. The abundance and the distribution of the negative charge in the thundercloud following the sprite-inducing positive cloud-to-ground discharges may play important role in the generation of the secondary TLEs.",
author = "Lee, {Li Jou} and Huang, {Sung Ming} and Chou, {Jung Kung} and Kuo, {Cheng Ling} and Bing-Chih Chen and Han-Tzong Su and Rue-Ron Hsu and Frey, {Harald U.} and Yukihiro Takahashi and Lee, {Lou Chuang}",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1029/2011JA017443",
language = "English",
volume = "117",
journal = "Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics",
issn = "2169-9380",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

Characteristics and generation of secondary jets and secondary gigantic jets. / Lee, Li Jou; Huang, Sung Ming; Chou, Jung Kung; Kuo, Cheng Ling; Chen, Bing-Chih; Su, Han-Tzong; Hsu, Rue-Ron; Frey, Harald U.; Takahashi, Yukihiro; Lee, Lou Chuang.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 117, No. 6, A06317, 01.01.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characteristics and generation of secondary jets and secondary gigantic jets

AU - Lee, Li Jou

AU - Huang, Sung Ming

AU - Chou, Jung Kung

AU - Kuo, Cheng Ling

AU - Chen, Bing-Chih

AU - Su, Han-Tzong

AU - Hsu, Rue-Ron

AU - Frey, Harald U.

AU - Takahashi, Yukihiro

AU - Lee, Lou Chuang

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - Secondary transient luminous events (TLEs) recorded by the ISUAL-FORMOSAT2 mission can either be secondary jets or secondary gigantic jets (GJs), depending on their terminal altitudes. The secondary jets emerge from the cloud top beneath the preceding sprites and extend upward to the base of the sprites at ∼50 km. The secondary jets likely are negative electric discharges with vertically straight luminous columns, morphologically resembling the trailing jet of the type-I GJs. The number of luminous columns in a secondary jet seems to be affected by the size of the effective capacitor plate formed near the base of the preceding sprites and the charge distribution left behind by the sprite-inducing positive cloud-to-ground discharges. The secondary GJs originate from the cloud top under the shielding area of the preceding sprites, and develop upward to reach the lower ionosphere at ∼90 km. The observed morphology of the secondary GJs can either be the curvy shifted secondary GJs extending outside the region occupied by the preceding sprites or the straight pop-through secondary GJs developing through the center of the preceding circular sprites. A key factor in determining the terminal height of the secondary TLEs appears to be the local ionosphere boundary height that established by the preceding sprites. The abundance and the distribution of the negative charge in the thundercloud following the sprite-inducing positive cloud-to-ground discharges may play important role in the generation of the secondary TLEs.

AB - Secondary transient luminous events (TLEs) recorded by the ISUAL-FORMOSAT2 mission can either be secondary jets or secondary gigantic jets (GJs), depending on their terminal altitudes. The secondary jets emerge from the cloud top beneath the preceding sprites and extend upward to the base of the sprites at ∼50 km. The secondary jets likely are negative electric discharges with vertically straight luminous columns, morphologically resembling the trailing jet of the type-I GJs. The number of luminous columns in a secondary jet seems to be affected by the size of the effective capacitor plate formed near the base of the preceding sprites and the charge distribution left behind by the sprite-inducing positive cloud-to-ground discharges. The secondary GJs originate from the cloud top under the shielding area of the preceding sprites, and develop upward to reach the lower ionosphere at ∼90 km. The observed morphology of the secondary GJs can either be the curvy shifted secondary GJs extending outside the region occupied by the preceding sprites or the straight pop-through secondary GJs developing through the center of the preceding circular sprites. A key factor in determining the terminal height of the secondary TLEs appears to be the local ionosphere boundary height that established by the preceding sprites. The abundance and the distribution of the negative charge in the thundercloud following the sprite-inducing positive cloud-to-ground discharges may play important role in the generation of the secondary TLEs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863305552&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84863305552&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1029/2011JA017443

DO - 10.1029/2011JA017443

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84863305552

VL - 117

JO - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

JF - Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

SN - 2169-9380

IS - 6

M1 - A06317

ER -