Characterization and analyses on complex melting, polymorphism, and crystal phases in melt-crystallized poly(hexamethylene terephthalate)

Arup K. Ghosh, Eamor Woo, Ya Sen Sun, Li Ting Lee, Ming Chien Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Techniques of thermal analysis, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, and small-angle X-ray scattering were used to reveal relationships between complex melting behavior and various crystal forms in a polymorphic polymer. Correlation between the multiple melting endotherms and polymorphic crystalline forms in poly(hexamethylene terephthalate) (PHT) is a very intriguing one, which shows a maximum of six polymorphic melting endotherms (P1-P6) and up to two spherulitic forms packed with α- and β-crystal cells upon melt-crystallization at most temperatures. While the peaks P1 and P3 have been earlier assigned to the melting of the α-form and the peaks P2 and P5 are attributed to the β-forms, however, P4 was yet to be resolved, which was absent in PHT melt-crystallized at lower temperatures. In this study, the fourth peak, P 4, was further resolved by high-temperature annealing of precrystallized PHT, and it was found to be associated with the most perfect and thus the thickest crystalline lamellae of α-forms. Correlation between the complex melting peaks and crystalline polymorphs in PHT was more successfully refined by employing combined techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4780-4790
Number of pages11
JournalMacromolecules
Volume38
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 May 31

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Polymorphism
Melting
Crystals
Crystallization
Crystalline materials
X ray scattering
Temperature
Thermoanalysis
Polymers
terephthalic acid
Annealing
X ray diffraction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Ghosh, Arup K. ; Woo, Eamor ; Sun, Ya Sen ; Lee, Li Ting ; Wu, Ming Chien. / Characterization and analyses on complex melting, polymorphism, and crystal phases in melt-crystallized poly(hexamethylene terephthalate). In: Macromolecules. 2005 ; Vol. 38, No. 11. pp. 4780-4790.
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Characterization and analyses on complex melting, polymorphism, and crystal phases in melt-crystallized poly(hexamethylene terephthalate). / Ghosh, Arup K.; Woo, Eamor; Sun, Ya Sen; Lee, Li Ting; Wu, Ming Chien.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 38, No. 11, 31.05.2005, p. 4780-4790.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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