Characterization of a colorectal cancer migration and autophagy-related microRNA miR-338-5p and its target gene PIK3C3

Jian An Ju, Ching Tang Huang, Sheng Hui Lan, Ting Huei Wang, Peng-Chan Lin, Jheng Chang Lee, Yu Feng Tian, Hsiao-Sheng Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) has a high metastasis rate. MicroRNA (miRNA) is an epigenetic factor required to regulate cell proliferation, tumor cell growth, cancer formation, and metastasis by regulating tumor-suppressor genes or oncogenes. The objective of this study is to identify miRNAs and their target genes related to CRC migration and metastasis. Previously, we used miRNA microarray to reveal that miR-338-5p was significantly upregulated in patients with recurrent CRC. The expression level of miR-338-5p in tumor tissues of metastatic patients is higher than that in nonmetastatic patients. In this study, we report that miR-338-5p expression level was positively correlated with high migration activity of CRC cells. Overexpression of miR-338-5p induced the migration of CRC HCT-116 cells. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-338-5p inhibited its target gene phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit type 3 (PIK3C3) messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression in HCT-116 cells. Downregulation of miR-338-5p increased PIK3C3 mRNA and protein expression in CRC SW480 cells. Furthermore, our study results show that miR-338-5p blocked autophagy, as demonstrated by decreased LC3 type II expression. Autophagy inhibited the migration of colon cancer cell HCT-116 after rapamycin treatment. It can thus be concluded that miR-338-5p induces CRC cell migration by suppressing PIK3C3 expression and autophagy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-78
Number of pages5
JournalBiomarkers and Genomic Medicine
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep 1

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Autophagy
MicroRNAs
Tumors
Colorectal Neoplasms
Genes
Class III Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
HCT116 Cells
Proteins
Messenger RNA
Cell proliferation
Cell growth
Sirolimus
Microarrays
Neoplasm Metastasis
Cells
Tissue
Neoplasms
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Oncogenes
Epigenomics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

Ju, Jian An ; Huang, Ching Tang ; Lan, Sheng Hui ; Wang, Ting Huei ; Lin, Peng-Chan ; Lee, Jheng Chang ; Tian, Yu Feng ; Liu, Hsiao-Sheng. / Characterization of a colorectal cancer migration and autophagy-related microRNA miR-338-5p and its target gene PIK3C3. In: Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine. 2013 ; Vol. 5, No. 3. pp. 74-78.
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abstract = "Colorectal cancer (CRC) has a high metastasis rate. MicroRNA (miRNA) is an epigenetic factor required to regulate cell proliferation, tumor cell growth, cancer formation, and metastasis by regulating tumor-suppressor genes or oncogenes. The objective of this study is to identify miRNAs and their target genes related to CRC migration and metastasis. Previously, we used miRNA microarray to reveal that miR-338-5p was significantly upregulated in patients with recurrent CRC. The expression level of miR-338-5p in tumor tissues of metastatic patients is higher than that in nonmetastatic patients. In this study, we report that miR-338-5p expression level was positively correlated with high migration activity of CRC cells. Overexpression of miR-338-5p induced the migration of CRC HCT-116 cells. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-338-5p inhibited its target gene phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit type 3 (PIK3C3) messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression in HCT-116 cells. Downregulation of miR-338-5p increased PIK3C3 mRNA and protein expression in CRC SW480 cells. Furthermore, our study results show that miR-338-5p blocked autophagy, as demonstrated by decreased LC3 type II expression. Autophagy inhibited the migration of colon cancer cell HCT-116 after rapamycin treatment. It can thus be concluded that miR-338-5p induces CRC cell migration by suppressing PIK3C3 expression and autophagy.",
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Characterization of a colorectal cancer migration and autophagy-related microRNA miR-338-5p and its target gene PIK3C3. / Ju, Jian An; Huang, Ching Tang; Lan, Sheng Hui; Wang, Ting Huei; Lin, Peng-Chan; Lee, Jheng Chang; Tian, Yu Feng; Liu, Hsiao-Sheng.

In: Biomarkers and Genomic Medicine, Vol. 5, No. 3, 01.09.2013, p. 74-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Characterization of a colorectal cancer migration and autophagy-related microRNA miR-338-5p and its target gene PIK3C3

AU - Ju, Jian An

AU - Huang, Ching Tang

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AU - Wang, Ting Huei

AU - Lin, Peng-Chan

AU - Lee, Jheng Chang

AU - Tian, Yu Feng

AU - Liu, Hsiao-Sheng

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AB - Colorectal cancer (CRC) has a high metastasis rate. MicroRNA (miRNA) is an epigenetic factor required to regulate cell proliferation, tumor cell growth, cancer formation, and metastasis by regulating tumor-suppressor genes or oncogenes. The objective of this study is to identify miRNAs and their target genes related to CRC migration and metastasis. Previously, we used miRNA microarray to reveal that miR-338-5p was significantly upregulated in patients with recurrent CRC. The expression level of miR-338-5p in tumor tissues of metastatic patients is higher than that in nonmetastatic patients. In this study, we report that miR-338-5p expression level was positively correlated with high migration activity of CRC cells. Overexpression of miR-338-5p induced the migration of CRC HCT-116 cells. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-338-5p inhibited its target gene phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit type 3 (PIK3C3) messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression in HCT-116 cells. Downregulation of miR-338-5p increased PIK3C3 mRNA and protein expression in CRC SW480 cells. Furthermore, our study results show that miR-338-5p blocked autophagy, as demonstrated by decreased LC3 type II expression. Autophagy inhibited the migration of colon cancer cell HCT-116 after rapamycin treatment. It can thus be concluded that miR-338-5p induces CRC cell migration by suppressing PIK3C3 expression and autophagy.

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