Characterization of direct perturbations on voltage-gated sodium current by esaxerenone, a nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid receptor blocker

Wei Ting Chang, Sheng Nan Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Esaxerenone (ESAX; CS-3150, Minnebro®) is known to be a newly non-steroidal min-eralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonist. However, its modulatory actions on different types of ionic currents in electrically excitable cells remain largely unanswered. The present investigations were undertaken to explore the possible perturbations of ESAX on the transient, late and persistent components of voltage-gated Na+ current (INa ) identified from pituitary GH3 or MMQ cells. GH3-cell exposure to ESAX depressed the transient and late components of INa with varying potencies. The IC50 value of ESAX required for its differential reduction in peak or late INa in GH3 cells was estimated to be 13.2 or 3.2 µM, respectively. The steady-state activation curve of peak INa remained unchanged during exposure to ESAX; however, recovery of peak INa block was prolonged in the presence 3 µM ESAX. In continued presence of aldosterone (10 µM), further addition of 3 µM ESAX remained effective at inhibiting INa . ESAX (3 µM) potently reversed Tef-induced augmentation of INa . By using isosceles-triangular ramp pulse with varying durations, the amplitude of persistent INa measured at high or low threshold was enhanced by the presence of tefluthrin (Tef), in combination with the appearance of the figure-of-eight hysteretic loop; moreover, hysteretic strength of the current was attenuated by subsequent addition of ESAX. Likewise, in MMQ lactotrophs, the addition of ESAX also effectively decreased the peak amplitude of INa along with the increased current inactivation rate. Taken together, the present results provide a noticeable yet unidentified finding disclosing that, apart from its antagonistic effect on MR receptor, ESAX may directly and concertedly modify the amplitude, gating properties and hysteresis of INa in electrically excitable cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number549
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Characterization of direct perturbations on voltage-gated sodium current by esaxerenone, a nonsteroidal mineralocorticoid receptor blocker'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this