Characterization of gene amplification-driven SKP2 overexpression in myxofibrosarcoma: Potential implications in tumor progression and therapeutics

Chien Feng Li, Ju Ming Wang, Hong Yo Kang, Chiung Kuei Huang, Jun Wen Wang, Fu Min Fang, Yu Hui Wang, Wen Ren Wu, Shau Hsuan Li, Shih Chen Yu, Jen Chieh Lee, Jui Lan, Yow Ling Shiue, Li Ching Wu, Hsuan Ying Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Myxofibrosarcoma remains obscure in molecular determinants of clinical aggressiveness, for which we elucidated implications of SKP2 amplification. Experimental Design: Array comparative genomic hybridization was applied on samples and cell lines (NMFH-1 to OH931) to search causal genes of tumor progression. SKP2 gene dosage was determined in 82 independent tumors for clinical correlates. Stable SKP2 knockdown was achieved in myxofibrosarcoma cells to assess its oncogenic attributes and candidate mediators in prometastatic function. Pharmacologic assays were evaluated in vitro and in vivo for the therapeutic relevance of bortezomib. Results: DNA gains frequently involved 5p in which three amplicons were differentially overrepresented in samples behaving unfavorably, encompassing mRNA-upregulated TRIO, SKP2, and AMACR genes. Detected in NMFH-1 cells and 38% of tumors, SKP2 amplification was associated with SKP2 immunoexpression and adverse prognosticators and independently predictive of worse outcomes. Nevertheless, SKP2- expressing OH931cells and14% of such tumors lacked gene amplification. Knockdown of SKP2 suppressed proliferation, anchorage-independent growth, migration, and invasion of sarcoma cells and downregulated motility-promoting genes, including ITGB2, ACTN1, IGF1, and ENAH. In vitro, bortezomib downregulated SKP2 expression at the mRNA level with p27 kip1 accumulation, induced caspase activation, and decreased cell viability in myxofibrosarcoma cells but not in fibroblasts. In vivo, bortezomib inhibited growth of NMFH-1 xenografts, the cells of which displayed decreased SKP2 expression but increased p27 kip1 and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL). Conclusions: As a predominant mechanism driving protein overexpression, SKP2 amplification confers tumor aggressiveness in myxofibrosarcoma. The sensitivity of myxofibrosarcoma cells to bortezomib with SKP2-repressing effect indicates the potentiality of ubiquitin-proteasome pathway as a therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1598-1610
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Characterization of gene amplification-driven SKP2 overexpression in myxofibrosarcoma: Potential implications in tumor progression and therapeutics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this