Characterization of hybrid light-cured resin composites reinforced by microspherical silanized DCPA/nanorod HA via thermal fatigue

Yu Ren Wu, Chin Wei Chang, Kai Chi Chang, Chia Ling Ko, Hui Yu Wu, Jiin-Huey Chern, Wen Cheng Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanical and self-mineralized properties of nanohybrid composite resins used for the dental restoration of class V caries are investigated. The nanorod hydroxyapatite (Nr-HA) hybrid and the microspherical granular dicalcium phosphate anhydrate (DCPA) after silanization were mixed and used as fillers in different kinds of composite resins (abbreviated as DCPA, DCPA+5Nr-HA, and DCPA+10Nr-HA). Their composite strengths were measured via 3-point flexure. Their properties were characterized from environmental samples after water immersion for 24 h and exposure to thermal fatigue between 5 and 55 °C for 600 and 2400 cycles. The resin reinforced with high amounts of Nr-HA (DCPA+10Nr-HA) showed a significant increase in mineralization of the sample surfaces, which consequently enhanced microhardness. The presence of Nr-HA also increased the residual energy of samples during preparation and enhanced their capacity to reprecipitate after immersion and through thermal fatigue. However, the presence of Nr-HA also resulted in high ductility and early failure of the sample, especially in the reinforced group with the highest amount of Nr-HA (DCPA+10Nr-HA). The appropriate additive Nr-HA (DCPA+5Nr-HA) balanced the properties with less difference of strength and residual energy compared with the DCPA group. The additive showed superior capability in enhancing the release of ions and initiating mineralization after immersion with thermal fatigue in vitro. This newly developed composite resin may provide an excellent combination of stress bearing, improved residual energy before the sample fracture, enhanced mineralization capacity, and improved caries-inhibiting capabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-245
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Australian Ceramic Society
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 15

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Thermal fatigue
Composite Resins
Nanorods
Phosphates
Durapatite
Resins
Hydroxyapatite
Composite materials
Bearings (structural)
anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate
Microhardness
Restoration
Ductility
Fillers
Ions
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Wu, Yu Ren ; Chang, Chin Wei ; Chang, Kai Chi ; Ko, Chia Ling ; Wu, Hui Yu ; Chern, Jiin-Huey ; Chen, Wen Cheng. / Characterization of hybrid light-cured resin composites reinforced by microspherical silanized DCPA/nanorod HA via thermal fatigue. In: Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society. 2019 ; Vol. 55, No. 1. pp. 235-245.
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abstract = "The mechanical and self-mineralized properties of nanohybrid composite resins used for the dental restoration of class V caries are investigated. The nanorod hydroxyapatite (Nr-HA) hybrid and the microspherical granular dicalcium phosphate anhydrate (DCPA) after silanization were mixed and used as fillers in different kinds of composite resins (abbreviated as DCPA, DCPA+5Nr-HA, and DCPA+10Nr-HA). Their composite strengths were measured via 3-point flexure. Their properties were characterized from environmental samples after water immersion for 24 h and exposure to thermal fatigue between 5 and 55 °C for 600 and 2400 cycles. The resin reinforced with high amounts of Nr-HA (DCPA+10Nr-HA) showed a significant increase in mineralization of the sample surfaces, which consequently enhanced microhardness. The presence of Nr-HA also increased the residual energy of samples during preparation and enhanced their capacity to reprecipitate after immersion and through thermal fatigue. However, the presence of Nr-HA also resulted in high ductility and early failure of the sample, especially in the reinforced group with the highest amount of Nr-HA (DCPA+10Nr-HA). The appropriate additive Nr-HA (DCPA+5Nr-HA) balanced the properties with less difference of strength and residual energy compared with the DCPA group. The additive showed superior capability in enhancing the release of ions and initiating mineralization after immersion with thermal fatigue in vitro. This newly developed composite resin may provide an excellent combination of stress bearing, improved residual energy before the sample fracture, enhanced mineralization capacity, and improved caries-inhibiting capabilities.",
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Characterization of hybrid light-cured resin composites reinforced by microspherical silanized DCPA/nanorod HA via thermal fatigue. / Wu, Yu Ren; Chang, Chin Wei; Chang, Kai Chi; Ko, Chia Ling; Wu, Hui Yu; Chern, Jiin-Huey; Chen, Wen Cheng.

In: Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society, Vol. 55, No. 1, 15.03.2019, p. 235-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Wu, Yu Ren

AU - Chang, Chin Wei

AU - Chang, Kai Chi

AU - Ko, Chia Ling

AU - Wu, Hui Yu

AU - Chern, Jiin-Huey

AU - Chen, Wen Cheng

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N2 - The mechanical and self-mineralized properties of nanohybrid composite resins used for the dental restoration of class V caries are investigated. The nanorod hydroxyapatite (Nr-HA) hybrid and the microspherical granular dicalcium phosphate anhydrate (DCPA) after silanization were mixed and used as fillers in different kinds of composite resins (abbreviated as DCPA, DCPA+5Nr-HA, and DCPA+10Nr-HA). Their composite strengths were measured via 3-point flexure. Their properties were characterized from environmental samples after water immersion for 24 h and exposure to thermal fatigue between 5 and 55 °C for 600 and 2400 cycles. The resin reinforced with high amounts of Nr-HA (DCPA+10Nr-HA) showed a significant increase in mineralization of the sample surfaces, which consequently enhanced microhardness. The presence of Nr-HA also increased the residual energy of samples during preparation and enhanced their capacity to reprecipitate after immersion and through thermal fatigue. However, the presence of Nr-HA also resulted in high ductility and early failure of the sample, especially in the reinforced group with the highest amount of Nr-HA (DCPA+10Nr-HA). The appropriate additive Nr-HA (DCPA+5Nr-HA) balanced the properties with less difference of strength and residual energy compared with the DCPA group. The additive showed superior capability in enhancing the release of ions and initiating mineralization after immersion with thermal fatigue in vitro. This newly developed composite resin may provide an excellent combination of stress bearing, improved residual energy before the sample fracture, enhanced mineralization capacity, and improved caries-inhibiting capabilities.

AB - The mechanical and self-mineralized properties of nanohybrid composite resins used for the dental restoration of class V caries are investigated. The nanorod hydroxyapatite (Nr-HA) hybrid and the microspherical granular dicalcium phosphate anhydrate (DCPA) after silanization were mixed and used as fillers in different kinds of composite resins (abbreviated as DCPA, DCPA+5Nr-HA, and DCPA+10Nr-HA). Their composite strengths were measured via 3-point flexure. Their properties were characterized from environmental samples after water immersion for 24 h and exposure to thermal fatigue between 5 and 55 °C for 600 and 2400 cycles. The resin reinforced with high amounts of Nr-HA (DCPA+10Nr-HA) showed a significant increase in mineralization of the sample surfaces, which consequently enhanced microhardness. The presence of Nr-HA also increased the residual energy of samples during preparation and enhanced their capacity to reprecipitate after immersion and through thermal fatigue. However, the presence of Nr-HA also resulted in high ductility and early failure of the sample, especially in the reinforced group with the highest amount of Nr-HA (DCPA+10Nr-HA). The appropriate additive Nr-HA (DCPA+5Nr-HA) balanced the properties with less difference of strength and residual energy compared with the DCPA group. The additive showed superior capability in enhancing the release of ions and initiating mineralization after immersion with thermal fatigue in vitro. This newly developed composite resin may provide an excellent combination of stress bearing, improved residual energy before the sample fracture, enhanced mineralization capacity, and improved caries-inhibiting capabilities.

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