Background: Riluzole is known to be an inhibitor of glutamatergic neurotransmission. Transmitter release from nerve terminals can be regulated by the activity of large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channels. Methods: The ionic mechanism of actions of riluzole was investigated in neuroendocrine (GH3 and PC12 cells), using the whole-cell patch-clamp and inside-out excised patch configurations. Results: In GH3 cells, riluzole at 0.3-100 μmol/L increased the amplitude of Ca2+-activated K+ current (IK(Ca)) in a concentration-dependent manner with a half maximal concentration of 5 μmol/L. The riluzole-induced increase in outward current was not be suppressed by glibenclamide (10 μmol/L) or apamin (200 nmol/L). However, iberiotoxin (200 nmol/L) or tetrandrine (10 μmol/L) can effectively suppress riluzole-induced IK(Ca). Under inside-out patch recording mode, riluzole (10 μmol/L) applied intracellularly can increase the opening probability of large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ (BKCa) channels, but did not affect their single-channel conductance. The riluzole-induced change in the kinetic behavior of BKCa channels is due to an increase in mean open time and a decrease in mean closed time. Riluzole caused a left shift in the midpoint for voltage-dependent opening. Riluzole-stimulated activity of BKCa is independent on internal Ca2+. Riluzole (30 μmol/L) did not affect the amplitude of voltage-dependent K+ current, but it produced a slight reduction of L-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ current. Under current clamp mode, riluzole (10 μmol/L) decreased the firing rate of action potentials induced by thyrotropin releasing hormone (10 μmol/L) in GH3 cells. In rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells, riluzole also increased the activity of BKCa channels without altering their channel conductance. Conclusion: This study shows that riluzole can stimulate the activity of BKCa channel in neuroendocrine cells.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Investigative Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Jan 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)