Characterization of ZnO-based multilayer varistor sintered by hot-press sintering

Wen His Lee, Wei Ting Chen, Ching Li Hu, Ying Chieh Lee, Shis Ping Lin, Chi Yi Su

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6 Citations (Scopus)


To attain the homogeneous microstructure of ZnO-based multilayer varistors (MLVs), hot-press sintering is conducted. To determine the effect of hot-press sintering on the microstructure, the dielectric and varistor properties of ZnO-based MLVs were investigated and compared with those of ZnO-based MLVs fabricated by free sintering. In hot-press sintering, the average grain size and the distribution of grain size of a ZnO-based MLVs are both reduced. The results show that the leakage current and nonlinear coefficient (α) of ZnO-based MLVs can be improved. The increase in nonlinear coefficient (α) is directly related to the inhibition of grain growth of ZnO grains when hot-press sintering is performed instead of free sintering. Note that the energy absorption capabilities in terms of peak current (PC) measurements of ZnO-based MLVs are remarkably improved due to the homogeneity of microstructure when hot-press sintering is conducted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2689-2694
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number4 A
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr 7

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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