Laser heating of a gas in a cylindrical liner held in by a thin foil window is a critical process in the MagLIF (magnetized liner inertial fusion) concept [S. A. Slutz and R. A. Vesey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 025003 (2012)]. Window burnthrough and gas heating for OMEGA scale MagLIF cylinders as a function of time have been determined using spectrally integrated soft x-ray diagnostics. Window laser absorption is classified in terms of the emitted x-rays from the window plasma as a function of laser energy and shows that the laser energy absorbed is weakly dependent on incident intensity. Radiation-hydrodynamic simulations overestimate the amount of laser energy absorbed by the window as evidenced by the increase in x-ray radiation across several photon energy bands compared to experiments. Gas temperatures inferred from soft x-ray emission from the front 1 mm of the liner are shown to evolve in time in a similar manner to simulation predictions. Soft x-ray emission from the gas within the region of the liner that is normally imploded is shown to meet the 100 eV requirements set by the initial point design for laser-driven MagLIF.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics