Characterizing laser preheat for laser-driven magnetized liner inertial fusion using soft x-ray emission

D. H. Barnak, M. J. Bonino, P. Y. Chang, J. R. Davies, E. C. Hansen, D. R. Harding, J. L. Peebles, R. Betti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Laser heating of a gas in a cylindrical liner held in by a thin foil window is a critical process in the MagLIF (magnetized liner inertial fusion) concept [S. A. Slutz and R. A. Vesey, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 025003 (2012)]. Window burnthrough and gas heating for OMEGA scale MagLIF cylinders as a function of time have been determined using spectrally integrated soft x-ray diagnostics. Window laser absorption is classified in terms of the emitted x-rays from the window plasma as a function of laser energy and shows that the laser energy absorbed is weakly dependent on incident intensity. Radiation-hydrodynamic simulations overestimate the amount of laser energy absorbed by the window as evidenced by the increase in x-ray radiation across several photon energy bands compared to experiments. Gas temperatures inferred from soft x-ray emission from the front 1 mm of the liner are shown to evolve in time in a similar manner to simulation predictions. Soft x-ray emission from the gas within the region of the liner that is normally imploded is shown to meet the 100 eV requirements set by the initial point design for laser-driven MagLIF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112709
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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