Charge Generation and Recombination in Diketopyrrolopyrrole Polymer: Fullerene Bulk Heterojunctions Studied by Transient Absorption and Time-Resolved Microwave Conductivity

Ryuzi Katoh, Hiroyuki Matsuzaki, Akihiro Furube, Prashant Sonar, Evan L. Williams, Chellappan Vijila, Gomathy Sandhya Subramanian, Sergey Gorelik, Jonathan Hobley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Charge generation and recombination dynamics in organic photovoltaic bulk heterojunction films comprising the donor polymer, PDPP-TNT (poly{3,6-dithiophene-2-yl-2,5-di(2-octyldodecyl)-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione-alt-naphthalene}), blended with the fullerene acceptor, PC71BM ([6,6]-phenyl C71-butyric acid methyl ester), have been studied. The charge-carrier generation process was studied using femtosecond transient absorption, and it was found that the efficiency of charge generation is not dominated by geminate recombination but rather is limited by exciton diffusion in the films. Highly sensitive nanosecond transient absorption (ns-TA) and time-resolved microwave conductivity (TRMC) were used to study charge recombination. From ns-TA measurements, we obtained a recombination rate constant of 1 × 10-9 cm3 s-1 and found that charge recombination is limited by the diffusion of charge carriers (Langevin-type recombination). TRMC signals were comparable with ns-TA on shorter time scales. However, in contrast with ns-TA, the TRMC signal contained an additional long-lived component. The fast decay on shorter time scales is attributed to the recombination of the majority of the charge carriers. The long-lived component is assigned to a small population of charge carriers with high mobility, suggesting they are located in isolated, crystalline domains within the bulk heterojunction. These findings are discussed in relation to the morphology of the blend film, fluorescence quenching properties, and device performance including photoinduced charge extraction by linearly increasing voltage (PhotoCELIV) measurements described in our previous publications. (Figure Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28398-28406
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume120
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 22

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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