Charge-mode Neural Stimulator with a Capacitor-reuse Residual Charge Detector and Active Charge Balancing for Epileptic Seizure Suppression

Shuenn Yuh Lee, Zhan Xian Liao, I. Ting Feng, Hao Yun Lee, Chou Ching Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study proposes a charge-mode neural stimulator for electrical stimulation systems that utilizes a capacitor-reuse technique with a residual charge detector and achieves active charge balancing simultaneously. The design is mainly used for epilepsy suppression systems to achieve real-time symptom relief during seizures. A charge-mode stimulator is adopted in consideration of the complexity of circuit design, the high voltage tolerance of transistors, and system integration requirements in the future. The residual charge detector allows users to understand the current stimulus situation, enabling them to make optimal adjustments to the stimulation parameters. On the basis of the information on actual stimulation charge, active charge balancing can effectively prevent the accumulation of mismatched charges on electrode impedance. The capacitor- and phase-reuse techniques help realize high integration of the overall stimulator circuit in consideration of the commonality of the use of a capacitor and charging/discharging phase in the stimulation circuit and charge detector. The proposed charge-mode neural stimulator is implemented in a TSMC 0.18 μm 1P6M CMOS process with a core area of 0.2127 mm2. Measurement results demonstrate the accuracy of the stimulation’s functionality and the programmable stimulus parameters. The effectiveness of the proposed charge-mode neural stimulator for epileptic seizure suppression is verified through animal experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE transactions on biomedical circuits and systems
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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