A quantitative relation between the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) composition and the tolerance factor (t) in (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 (BNT)-based piezoelectric ceramics was established. The t value of the MPB compositions in BNT-based ceramics is around 0.990-0.993 and is independent of the types of added compounds. In order to experimentally demonstrate it, two piezoelectric ceramic systems (1 - x)(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-x(Ba1-aSra)TiO3, a = 0.05 and 0.3 (BNBST5-x and BNBST30-x, x < 12%), were used. X-ray diffraction patterns and the lattice parameter investigations revealed that these two systems formed solid solutions within the studied stoichiometry and showed a rhombohedral-tetragonal phase transformation. Furthermore, both the structure analysis and electric properties measurements indicated that the MPB compositions were BNBST5-6 and BNBST30-8 and their corresponding t value were 0.9900 and 0.9903, respectively. The results confirm the relation between the MPB composition and t value and provide a method for designing new piezoelectric materials.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the European Ceramic Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 May|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry