Chemical modification of atactic polypropylene and its applications as a crystallinity additive and compatibility agent

Meng Heng Wu, Cheng Chien Wang, Chuh Yung Chen

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Abstract

Maleic anhydride grafted onto atactic polypropylene (aPP-g-MAH) using a solution grafting reaction with ε-caprolactam promoter was investigated in this study. FTIR-ATR and elemental analysis (EA) measurements showed that the optimal degree of grafting (DG) of aPP-g-MAH could be achieved at a 5.03 wt% when ε-caprolactam was added as the radical protecting agent. aPP-g-MAH was then introduced to PP and PP/Nylon 6 (PP/Ny6) as a nucleation and compatibility agent, respectively. The DSC curve of the PP/aPP-g-MAH blend showed that the crystallization temperature of the blend was increased to 115.3 °C, higher than that of pristine PP. In addition, POM observations demonstrated that the size of the spherulites present in pristine PP shrank obviously. Moreover, the dynamic temperature variations in the POM observations revealed that the initial crystallization temperature of PP/aPP-g-MAH was much higher than that of pristine PP. The results indicate that the aPP-g-MAH additive was an excellent nucleating agent for the PP materials. When aPP-g-MAH was added as a compatibility agent for PP/Ny6 blending, the cryogenically fractured surface of the PP/Ny6/aPP-g-MAH (5 wt%) blend presented good compatibility between PP and the Ny6 domains. The crystallization temperatures of PP/Ny6 blends with 10–50 wt% Ny6 were higher than that of pure PP, and the blends with aPP-g-MAH had much higher of that. These findings reveal that aPP-g-MAH is a good nucleation and compatibility agent in PP/Ny6 blends.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122386
Journalpolymer
Volume194
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 24

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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