Scope: Hydroxylated polymethoxyflavones (PMFs), existing exclusively in citrus genus, have been reported to exhibit a broad spectrum of biological activity. Here we investigated the chemopreventive effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of dietary administration of hydroxylated PMFs in an azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic tumorigenesis model. Methods and results: Male, Institute of Cancer Research (ICR), mice at age of 6wk were injected with AOM twice weekly at a dose of 5mg/kg for 2wk and continuously fed control diet or diets containing 0.01 and 0.05% hydroxylated PMFs, respectively. Mice were then sacrificed at 6 and 20wk, and colonic tissues were collected and examined. Hydroxylated PMFs feeding dose-dependently decreased the number of aberrant crypt foci in colonic tissues of mice. More importantly, we found that hydroxylated PMFs caused a strong reduction in numbers of large aberrant crypt foci and tumors in colonic tissue. Molecular analysis exhibited the anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and pro-apoptotic activities of hydroxylated PMFs by significantly decreasing the levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase, cyclin D1 and vascular endothelial growth factor through interfering with Wnt/β-catenin and epidermal growth factor receptor/Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways as well as the activation of transcription factors NF-κB and STAT3 in colonic tissue, thus resulting in suppression of colonic tumorigenesis. Conclusion: Taken together, these results demonstrated for the first time the in vivo chemopreventive efficacy and molecular mechanisms of dietary hydroxylated PMFs against AOM-induced colonic tumorigenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science