This study proposes a data-driven approach to phone set construction for code-switching automatic speech recognition (ASR). Acoustic and context-dependent cross-lingual articulatory features (AFs) are incorporated into the estimation of the distance between triphone units for constructing a Chinese-English phone set. The acoustic features of each triphone in the training corpus are extracted for constructing an acoustic triphone HMM. Furthermore, the articulatory features of the "last/first" state of the corresponding preceding/succeeding triphone in the training corpus are used to construct an AF-based GMM. The AFs, extracted using a deep neural network (DNN), are used for code-switching articulation modeling to alleviate the data sparseness problem due to the diverse context-dependent phone combinations in intra-sentential code-switching. The triphones are then clustered to obtain a Chinese-English phone set based on the acoustic HMMs and the AF-based GMMs using a hierarchical triphone clustering algorithm. Experimental results on code-switching ASR show that the proposed method for phone set construction outperformed other traditional methods.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Apr 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering