Chondrocyte Thrombomodulin Protects against Osteoarthritis

Lin Kang, Ai Lun Yang, Chao Han Lai, Tsan Ju Chen, Sung Yen Lin, Yan Hsiung Wang, Chau Zen Wang, Edward M. Conway, Hua Lin Wu, Mei Ling Ho, Je Ken Chang, Chung Hwan Chen, Tsung Lin Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent form of arthritis that affects over 32.5 million adults worldwide, causing significant cartilage damage and disability. Unfortunately, there are currently no effective treatments for OA, highlighting the need for novel therapeutic approaches. Thrombomodulin (TM), a glycoprotein expressed by chondrocytes and other cell types, has an unknown role in OA. Here, we investigated the function of TM in chondrocytes and OA using various methods, including recombinant TM (rTM), transgenic mice lacking the TM lectin-like domain (TMLeD/LeD), and a microRNA (miRNA) antagomir that increased TM expression. Results showed that chondrocyte-expressed TM and soluble TM [sTM, like recombinant TM domain 1 to 3 (rTMD123)] enhanced cell growth and migration, blocked interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-mediated signaling and protected against knee function and bone integrity loss in an anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT)-induced mouse model of OA. Conversely, TMLeD/LeD mice exhibited accelerated knee function loss, while treatment with rTMD123 protected against cartilage loss even one-week post-surgery. The administration of an miRNA antagomir (miR-up-TM) also increased TM expression and protected against cartilage damage in the OA model. These findings suggested that chondrocyte TM plays a crucial role in counteracting OA, and miR-up-TM may represent a promising therapeutic approach to protect against cartilage-related disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9522
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Chondrocyte Thrombomodulin Protects against Osteoarthritis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this