Acute neuroprotective effects of cinnamophilin (CINN; (8R, 8′S)-4, 4′-dihydroxy-3, 3′-dimethoxy-7-oxo-8, 8′-neolignan), a novel antioxidant and free radical scavenger, were studied in a mouse model of transient middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. CINN was administered intraperitoneally either 15 min before (pretreatment) or 2 h after the onset of MCA occlusion (postischemic treatment). Relative to vehicle-treated controls, animals pretreated with CINN, at 20-80 mg/kg, had significant reductions in brain infarction by 33-46% and improvements in neurobehavioral outcome. Postischemic administration with CINN (80 mg/kg) also significantly reduced brain infarction by 43% and ameliorated neurobehavioral deficits. Additionally, CINN administration significantly attenuated in situ accumulation of superoxide anions (O2-) in the boundary zones of infarct at 4 h after reperfusion. Consequently, CINN-treated animals exhibited significantly decreased levels of oxidative damage, as assessed by immunopositive reactions for 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), and the resultant inflammatory reactions at 24 h postinsult. It is concluded that CINN effectively reduced brain infarction and improved neurobehavioral outcome following a short-term recovery period after severe transient focal cerebral ischemia in mice. The finding of a decreased extent of reactive oxygen species and oxidative damage observed with CINN treatment highlights that its antioxidant and radical scavenging ability is contributory.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Free Radical Biology and Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Aug 15|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)