Clinical outcomes of nirmatrelvir-ritonavir use in pregnant women during the Omicron wave of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic

Chih Wei Lin, Yu Ling Liang, Ming Ta Chuang, Chun Han Tseng, Pei Yin Tsai, Mei Tsz Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Paxlovid is an oral drug composed of nirmatrelvir and ritonavir that has been demonstrated to be effective in decreasing the risk of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Here, we report the use of paxlovid in pregnant women with COVID-19. Methods: Pregnant women attending a tertiary referral hospital in Taiwan from 29 April to 30 July 2022 were enrolled in the study. We compared baseline characteristics, clinical manifestations, and adverse events between paxlovid-treated women and those without paxlovid use. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were analysed in women who delivered during the study period. Results: A total of 30 paxlovid-treated pregnant women and 55 women without paxlovid use were included in the analysis. The mean duration of COVID-19-associated symptoms in the paxlovid-treated women was shorter than that in the control group (10.10 days versus 15.59 days, p = 0.04). No severe adverse events due to paxlovid use were observed. Dysgeusia and diarrhoea were the most common adverse effects. Thirteen paxlovid-treated and 28 untreated women delivered during the study period. More pregnant women in the paxlovid group who delivered during the study period underwent caesarean delivery compared to the group without antiviral treatment (10 of 13 [76.92%] versus 12 of 28 [42.86%], p = 0.042), and insignificantly more newborns were born small for gestational age in the paxlovid group compared to the control group (3 of 13 [23.08%] versus 1 of 28 [3.57%], p = 0.086). Conclusion: Our study showed that paxlovid was effective and safe for pregnant women during the Omicron wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. A higher proportion of caesarean delivery rates was observed among paxlovid-treated women. Long-term follow-up of pregnant women exposed to paxlovid and their offspring is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1942-1946
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Infection and Public Health
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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