Clinical radiomics-based machine learning versus three-dimension convolutional neural network analysis for differentiation of thymic epithelial tumors from other prevascular mediastinal tumors on chest computed tomography scan

Chao Chun Chang, En Kuei Tang, Yu Feng Wei, Chia Ying Lin, Fu Zong Wu, Ming Ting Wu, Yi-Sheng Liu, Yi-Ting Yen, Mi-Chia Ma, Yau-Lin Tseng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the diagnostic performance of radiomic analysis with machine learning (ML) model with a convolutional neural network (CNN) in differentiating thymic epithelial tumors (TETs) from other prevascular mediastinal tumors (PMTs). Methods: A retrospective study was performed in patients with PMTs and undergoing surgical resection or biopsy in National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, and Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan between January 2010 and December 2019. Clinical data including age, sex, myasthenia gravis (MG) symptoms and pathologic diagnosis were collected. The datasets were divided into UECT (unenhanced computed tomography) and CECT (enhanced computed tomography) for analysis and modelling. Radiomics model and 3D CNN model were used to differentiate TETs from non-TET PMTs (including cyst, malignant germ cell tumor, lymphoma and teratoma). The macro F1-score and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis were performed to evaluate the prediction models. Result: In the UECT dataset, there were 297 patients with TETs and 79 patients with other PMTs. The performance of radiomic analysis with machine learning model using LightGBM with Extra Tree (macro F1-Score = 83.95%, ROC-AUC = 0.9117) had better performance than the 3D CNN model (macro F1-score = 75.54%, ROC-AUC = 0.9015). In the CECT dataset, there were 296 patients with TETs and 77 patients with other PMTs. The performance of radiomic analysis with machine learning model using LightGBM with Extra Tree (macro F1-Score = 85.65%, ROC-AUC = 0.9464) had better performance than the 3D CNN model (macro F1-score = 81.01%, ROC-AUC = 0.9275). Conclusion: Our study revealed that the individualized prediction model integrating clinical information and radiomic features using machine learning demonstrated better predictive performance in the differentiation of TETs from other PMTs at chest CT scan than 3D CNN model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1105100
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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