OBJECTIVE: To study the association between serum human papillomavirus (HPV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and clinicopathologic prognostic factors and the clinical usefulness of serum HPV DNA in early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: Deoxyribonucleic acids extracted from cervical tissues and sera of patients with stage IB or IIA cervical cancer and 40 controls including patients with cervical carcinoma in situ or benign disease were examined for HPV DNA with L1 consensus and types 16- and 18-specific E7 primers. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine significant correlates of positive serum HPV DNA, and the receiver operating characteristic curve was applied in risk-factor assessment. RESULTS: Human papillomavirus DNA was not detected in sera from patients with carcinoma in situ or benign disease. Among the 112 patients with cervical cancer, we detected 27 positive samples (24.1%) in serum. Positive HPV DNA in serum was significantly associated with lymphovascular invasion and deep stromal invasion with or without parametrial extension (P < .001 for both conditions), pelvic lymph nodal metastasis (P = .001), large tumor size, and elevated levels of serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (P < .001 for both conditions). When serum HPV DNA was used to predict high-risk patients who require adjuvant therapy, a sensitivity of 45.2%, a specificity of 88.6%, a positive predictive value of 70.4%, and a negative predictive value of 72.9% were obtained. CONCLUSION: The presence of serum HPV DNA in patients with early-stage cervical cancer was correlated with poor prognosis factors that warrant adjuvant therapy.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Obstetrics and Gynecology|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 Dec|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology