Clinicopathological features of mismatch repair protein expression patterns in colorectal cancer

Chung Ta Lee, Nan Haw Chow, Yi Lin Chen, Chung Liang Ho, Yu Min Yeh, Shao Chieh Lin, Peng Chan Lin, Bo Wen Lin, Chien An Chu, Hung Wen Tsai, Jenq Chang Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Microsatellite instability (MSI) is reflective of a deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) system, which is mostly associated with the methylation of mismatch repair (MMR) genes and BRAF mutations in sporadic colorectal cancers (CRCs). We performed a retrospective study to analyze the clinicopathological features of dMMR CRCs and their association with the BRAF V600E mutation. The incidence of dMMR CRCs in our cohort was 7.4 % (118/1603). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) revealed four common dMMR IHC patterns in 116 dMMR CRCs from 110 patients. dMMR type 1 (MLH1-/PMS2-) CRCs were the most frequent pattern, usually showing typical proximal location and MSI histology. The BRAF V600E mutation was almost exclusively observed in dMMR type 1 (32 of 72) and dMMR type 2 (PMS- only, 7 of 18) CRCs (p = 0.001). Patients with dMMR type 3 (MSH2-/MSH6-) CRCs were usually diagnosed at younger ages (p < 0.001) and had the strongest family history of Lynch syndrome-associated tumors (p = 0.002). dMMR type 3 CRCs frequently presented at advanced stages (p = 0.005) with perineural invasion (p = 0.021). We also found a significant positive association of dMMR type 1 and type 3 with advanced stages of CRC, whereas dMMR types 2 and 4 (MSH6- only) were usually diagnosed at early stages of CRC (p < 0.001). In conclusion, BRAF V600E mutations almost exclusively occurred in dMMR type 1 and 2 CRCs. Patterns of MMR protein expression display distinct associations with tumor staging and age at diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number153288
JournalPathology Research and Practice
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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