To determine how TGF-β1 protects L929 fibroblasts against TNF-α cytotoxicity, we report the isolation and characterization of a novel cDNA encoding a 12-kDa TGF-β1-induced antiapoptotic factor, designated TIAF1. GFP-tagged TIAF1 protein is present mostly in perinuclear and nuclear locations. TIAF1 inhibits the cytotoxic effects of TNF-α and overexpressed TNF receptor adaptors TRADD, FADD, and RIP. L929 stable transfectants expressing TIAF1 do not have significant changes in the expression of TNF receptors and effector or regulatory proteins in apoptosis, which may account for the acquired TNF resistance in these cells. Notably, these cells have a significantly suppressed IκB-α protein expression, and IκB-α degradation is blocked when exposing these cells to TNF-α. Similarly, stimulation of untransfected L929 cells with TGF-β1 results in suppression of IκB-α expression and retarded IκB-α degradation in response to TNF-α. Despite the fact that the mechanism for blocking TNF cytotoxicity is unknown, TIAF1 is apparently involved in TGF-β1 inhibition of IκB-α expression and suppression of TNF-mediated IκB-α degradation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Dec 30|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology