Background/Purpose: In vitro studies of the combination of an aminoglycoside with tigecycline or doxycycline against Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae isolates are rarely published. The goal of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of the combination regimens. Methods: Thirteen genetically different KPC-producing K. pneumoniae isolates were randomly selected. Drug concentrations of amikacin, gentamicin, tigecycline, and doxycycline were adjusted to 1-, 1/2-, and 1/4-fold of respective minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). Each drug alone or the combinations of amikacin or gentamicin with tigecycline or doxycycline were tested by combination studies. Results: Treatment with the 1× MIC concentration in combinations of amikacin or gentamicin and tigecycline or doxycycline for 24 hours resulted in bactericidal activity of 84-100% in the isolates. Treatment with 1/2× MIC combinations resulted in synergism of 69-100% in the isolates. Notably, doxycycline plus gentamicin or amikacin was synergistic for all tested isolates. However, bactericidal or synergistic effect was barely evident following 1/4× MIC combinations. There was no antagonism in any of the combination regimens. Conclusion: Enhanced activity was noted following treatment with doxycycline combined with gentamicin or amikacin against KPC-producing K. pneumoniae isolates, warranting further in vitro and animal investigations before clinical application.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases