Color image segmentation using fuzzy C-means and eigenspace projections

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54 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we propose two eigen-based fuzzy C-means (FCM) clustering algorithms to accurately segment the desired images, which have the same color as the pre-selected pixels. From the selected color pixels, we can first divide the color space into principal and residual eigenspaces. Combined eigenspace transform and the FCM method, we can effectively achieve color image segmentation. The separate eigenspace FCM (SEFCM) algorithm independently applies the FCM method to principal and residual projections to obtain two intermediate segmented images and combines them by logically selecting their common pixels. Jointly considering principal and residual eigenspace projections, we then suggest the coupled eigen-based FCM (CEFCM) algorithm by using an eigen-based membership function in clustering procedure. Simulations show that the proposed SEFCM and CEFCM algorithms can successfully segment the desired color image with substantial accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-472
Number of pages12
JournalSignal Processing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Mar

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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