Combined implications of UV/O3 interface modulation with HfSiOx surface passivation on AlGaN/AlN/GaN MOS-HEMT

Soumen Mazumder, Ssu Hsien Li, Zhan Gao Wu, Yeong Her Wang

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Surface passivation is critically important to improve the current collapse and the overall device performance in metal-oxide semiconductor high-electron mobility transistors (MOS-HEMTs) and, thus, their reliability. In this paper, we demonstrate the surface passivation effects in AlGaN/AlN/GaN-based MOS-HEMTs using ultraviolet-ozone (UV/O3) plasma treatment prior to SiO2-gate dielectric deposition. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to verify the improved passivation of the GaN surface. The threshold voltage (VTH) of the MOS-HEMT was shifted towards positive due to the band bending at the SiO2/GaN interface by UV/O3 surface treatment. In addition, the device performance, especially the current collapse, hysteresis, and 1/f characteristics, was further significantly improved with an additional 15 nm thick hafnium silicate (HfSiOX) passivation layer after the gate metallization. Due to combined effects of the UV/O3 plasma treatment and HfSiOX surface passivation, the magnitude of the interface trap density was effectively reduced, which further improved the current collapse significantly in SiO2-MOS-HEMT to 0.6% from 10%. The UV/O3-surface-modified, HfSiOX-passivated MOS-HEMT exhibited a decent performance, with IDMAX of 655 mA/mm, GMMAX of 116 mS/mm, higher ION/IOFF ratio of approximately 107, and subthreshold swing of 85 mV/dec with significantly reduced gate leakage current (IG) of 9.1 × 10−10 A/mm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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