Comorbid alcohol dependence disorder may be related to aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) and alcohol dehydrogenase 1B (ADH1B) in bipolar II disorder, but only to ALDH2 in bipolar I disorder, in Han Chinese

Yun Hsuan Chang, Sheng Yu Lee, Tzu Yun Wang, Shiou Lan Chen, Nian Sheng Tzeng, Po See Chen, I. Hui Lee, Kao Chin Chen, San Yuan Huang, Yen Kuang Yang, Hui Chen Ko, Ru Band Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: A high prevalence rate of bipolar disorder (BP) comorbid with alcohol dependence (AD) (BP+AD) in Western patients with BP has been reported, but whether this is true for Han Chinese with BP is uncertain. We explored the prevalence of BP+AD in a Han Chinese population with BP, and investigated the effect of alcohol-metabolizing genotypes on bipolar I disorder (BP-I) + AD and bipolar II disorder (BP-II) + AD. Methods: Healthy controls (HCs) (n = 672) and 18- to 65-year-old patients with BP (BP-I: n = 530; BP-II: n = 788) were recruited. Patients with any other major or minor mental illnesses, neurological disorders, or organic mental disorders were excluded. A polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was used to determine genotypes for alcohol dehydrogenase 1B (ADH1B) and aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), two alcohol-metabolizing enzymes. Results: AD comorbidity rates were 11.7% with BP-I and 17.1% with BP-II. Significantly fewer patients with BP not comorbid with AD (BP-AD) carried the AHD1B*1 allele than did the HCs. Logistic regression analysis showed a main effect of ALDH2*1/*1 only in the BP-I-AD group. In BP+AD patients, logistic regression analysis showed main effects of ALDH2*1/*1 and ADH1B*1/*1 only in the BP-II+AD group. Conclusions: Having BP-II+AD may be related to ALDH2 and ADH1B, but having BP-I+AD may be related only to ALDH2. We conclude that ALDH2 and ADH1B have different effects in Han Chinese patients with BP-I+AD and BP-II+AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)536-542
Number of pages7
JournalBipolar Disorders
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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