Comorbidity of motor and language impairments in preschool children of Taiwan

Hsiang Chun Cheng, Hung Yi Chen, Chia-Liang Tsai, Yung Jung Chen, Rong-Ju Cherng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Comorbidity of motor and speech/language impairments was investigated in 363 preschool children between the ages of 5 and 6 years (boys: 205, age 6.04 ± 0.48 years; girls: 158, age 5.98 ± 0.53 years). The children were sampled from two municipals of Taiwan, and were determined to present no apparent neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary system impairment or mental insufficiency. They were administered with three speech/language tests and a motor test (Movement Assessment Battery for Children, or M-ABC). The results showed a significant correlation between the total score of the motor test and the total score of each of the speech and language tests. Regression analysis that controlled for IQ (C-TONI) further showed that manual dexterity, but not ball skills or balance, of M-ABC was predictive of all scores on the speech and language tests. To determine a deficit on a test, a score at or below the 10th percentile of the norm or a score at or below 1.25 SD from the group mean was established as the cutoff. For the speech/language impairment, a deficit on at least two out of the three tests also applied. Following these criteria, 22 children (6.1%) were identified to have Developmental Speech and Language Disorder (DSLD), and 45 (12.4%) to have Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). Comorbid DSLD and DCD were found in six children (1.65%). Chi-square analysis revealed a significant correlation between DSLD and DCD (p < .03). The odds of DSLD was higher (by about three-fold) among the children with DCD than among the children without (0.15 vs. 0.05). Comorbid motor and speech/language impairments in preschool children appear to be a significant clinical condition that requires the attention of the therapeutic community. Manual dexterity, in particular, seems to be an important clue for understanding the shared mechanism of motor and speech/language impairments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054-1061
Number of pages8
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Preschool Children
Taiwan
Comorbidity
Motor Skills Disorders
Language
Language Development Disorders
Speech Disorders
Language Tests
Therapeutic Community
Musculoskeletal System
Regression Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

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title = "Comorbidity of motor and language impairments in preschool children of Taiwan",
abstract = "Comorbidity of motor and speech/language impairments was investigated in 363 preschool children between the ages of 5 and 6 years (boys: 205, age 6.04 ± 0.48 years; girls: 158, age 5.98 ± 0.53 years). The children were sampled from two municipals of Taiwan, and were determined to present no apparent neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiopulmonary system impairment or mental insufficiency. They were administered with three speech/language tests and a motor test (Movement Assessment Battery for Children, or M-ABC). The results showed a significant correlation between the total score of the motor test and the total score of each of the speech and language tests. Regression analysis that controlled for IQ (C-TONI) further showed that manual dexterity, but not ball skills or balance, of M-ABC was predictive of all scores on the speech and language tests. To determine a deficit on a test, a score at or below the 10th percentile of the norm or a score at or below 1.25 SD from the group mean was established as the cutoff. For the speech/language impairment, a deficit on at least two out of the three tests also applied. Following these criteria, 22 children (6.1{\%}) were identified to have Developmental Speech and Language Disorder (DSLD), and 45 (12.4{\%}) to have Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). Comorbid DSLD and DCD were found in six children (1.65{\%}). Chi-square analysis revealed a significant correlation between DSLD and DCD (p < .03). The odds of DSLD was higher (by about three-fold) among the children with DCD than among the children without (0.15 vs. 0.05). Comorbid motor and speech/language impairments in preschool children appear to be a significant clinical condition that requires the attention of the therapeutic community. Manual dexterity, in particular, seems to be an important clue for understanding the shared mechanism of motor and speech/language impairments.",
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Comorbidity of motor and language impairments in preschool children of Taiwan. / Cheng, Hsiang Chun; Chen, Hung Yi; Tsai, Chia-Liang; Chen, Yung Jung; Cherng, Rong-Ju.

In: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 30, No. 5, 01.09.2009, p. 1054-1061.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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