Comparative study of the impact response and microstructure of 304L stainless steel with and without prestrain

Woei Shyan Lee, Chi Feng Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)


This study compares the dynamic plastic deformation behavior and microstructural evolution of 304L stainless steel with and without metal-forming prestrain, using the compressive split Hopkinson pressure-bar technique and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) under strain rates ranging from 8 × 102 to 5 × 103 s-1 at room temperature, with true strains varying from yield to 0.3. Results show that the flow stress of unprestrained and prestrained 304L stainless steel is sensitive to applied strain rate, but the prestrained material exhibits greater strength. A higher work-hardening rate and higher strain-rate sensitivity are also found in the prestrained material, while an inverse tendency exists for the activation volume. A constitutive equation with our experimentally determined specific material parameters successfully describes both unprestrained and prestrained dynamic behavior. Microstructural observations reveal that the morphologies of dislocation substructure, mechanical twins, microshear bands, and α′ martensite formation are strongly influenced by prestrain, strain, and strain rate. The density of dislocations increases with increasing strain and strain rate for both materials. The dislocation cell size decreases with increasing strain, strain rate, and prestrain. An elongated cell structure appears in the prestrained material as heavy deformation is applied. Mechanical twins are found only in the prestrained material. Microshear bands and α′ martensite are more evident at large strains and strain rates, especially for the prestrained material. Quantitative analysis indicates that the amount of dislocations, mechanical twins, and α′ martensite varies as a function of work-hardening stress (σ-σy), reflecting different strengthening effects and degrees of microhardness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2801-2810
Number of pages10
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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