Comparison of minimal residual disease (MRD) estimated by flow cytometry and by real-time quantitative PCR of Wilms tumor gene 1 (WT1) transcript expression in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Chien-Hsu Chen, Chih Cheng Hsiao, Jiunn Ming Sheen, Chao-Neng Cheng

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Minimal residual disease (MRD) in 56 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) was quantified simultaneously by flow cytometry and by RQ-PCR of WT1 transcripts. Six patients failed remission induction, all had detectable MRD by flow cytometry, and two had undetectable MRD by WT1 assay. Among 41 patients, who achieved remission and had overexpression of WT1 transcripts at diagnosis, the two techniques gave concordant MRD results in 26 and discordant MRD results in 15. Nine patients did not show overexpression of WT1 at diagnosis. Our results indicate that RQ-PCR measurements of WT1 may be of limited value for monitoring MRD in childhood ALL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1351-1357
Number of pages7
JournalLeukemia Research
Volume31
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Oct 1

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Wilms' Tumor Genes
Wilms Tumor
Residual Neoplasm
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Flow Cytometry
Remission Induction
Polymerase Chain Reaction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of minimal residual disease (MRD) estimated by flow cytometry and by real-time quantitative PCR of Wilms tumor gene 1 (WT1) transcript expression in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia",
abstract = "Minimal residual disease (MRD) in 56 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) was quantified simultaneously by flow cytometry and by RQ-PCR of WT1 transcripts. Six patients failed remission induction, all had detectable MRD by flow cytometry, and two had undetectable MRD by WT1 assay. Among 41 patients, who achieved remission and had overexpression of WT1 transcripts at diagnosis, the two techniques gave concordant MRD results in 26 and discordant MRD results in 15. Nine patients did not show overexpression of WT1 at diagnosis. Our results indicate that RQ-PCR measurements of WT1 may be of limited value for monitoring MRD in childhood ALL.",
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AU - Sheen, Jiunn Ming

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AB - Minimal residual disease (MRD) in 56 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) was quantified simultaneously by flow cytometry and by RQ-PCR of WT1 transcripts. Six patients failed remission induction, all had detectable MRD by flow cytometry, and two had undetectable MRD by WT1 assay. Among 41 patients, who achieved remission and had overexpression of WT1 transcripts at diagnosis, the two techniques gave concordant MRD results in 26 and discordant MRD results in 15. Nine patients did not show overexpression of WT1 at diagnosis. Our results indicate that RQ-PCR measurements of WT1 may be of limited value for monitoring MRD in childhood ALL.

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