Several studies have compared the molecular responses between e14a2 and e13a2 BCR::ABL1 transcripts in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients treated with front-line imatinib, but there were very limited studies on nilotinib or dasatinib-treated patients. We retrospectively analyzed the molecular responses in 1124 CML patients with the e14a2 or e13a2 transcript receiving front-line imatinib, nilotinib or dasatinib treatment. Patients with the e14a2 transcript had higher optimal response rates than those with the e13a2 transcript at 12 months in the imatinib-treated group, and 6 and 12 months in the nilotinib-treated group. The optimal response rates were not significantly different between the two transcripts in the dasatinib-treated group at landmark molecular responses. With a median follow-up time of 48.4 months, higher cumulative incidences of BCR::ABL1 International Scale ≤1% and major molecular response were observed in patients with the e14a2 rather than the e13a2 transcript receiving front-line imatinib or nilotinib treatment, but not in dasatinib-treated patients. The progression-free survival and overall survival did not differ between the two transcripts in all three treatment groups. In view of the speed and depth of molecular responses, BCR::ABL1 transcript subtypes might provide helpful information in selecting a front-line tyrosine kinase inhibitor for individual young patients with future potential treatment-free remission.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Oct|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research