This study aimed to compare biological properties, including osteoconduction, osseointegration, and shear strength, between plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite (HA) and HA/tricalcium phosphate (TCP) coatings, using a transcortical implant model in the femora of canines. After 3 and 12 weeks of implantation, the implants with surrounding bone were assessed histologically in undecalcified sections in backscattered electron images (BEIs) under a scanning electron microscope (SEM). After short-term (3 week) follow-up, both coatings conducted new bone formation and revealed direct bone-to-coating contact. The HA/TCP coating could not enhance early host-to-coating responses. At 12 weeks, serious dissolution of the HA/TCP coatings evidently occurred. By the new bone healing index (NBHI) and apposition index (AI), we found no significant difference between HA/TCP-coated implants and HA-coated implants throughout all implant periods. At 12 weeks of implantation, some particles dissociated from the HA/TCP coating were found within the remodeling canal. After push-out measurements, the shear strength and failure mode of HA/TCP-coated implants were similar to those of HA-coated implants, and no statistical differences were found between either coating. Consequently, this study indicates that HA/TCP coatings have excellent biological response and may be considered suitable bioactive ceramic coatings for short-term clinical use.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biomedical Materials Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Jun 5|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering