Comparisons Between Different Anti-osteoporosis Medications on Postfracture Mortality: A Population-Based Study

Chih Hsing Wu, Chia Chun Li, Yu Hsuan Hsu, Fu Wen Liang, Yin Fan Chang, Jawl Shan Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CONTEXT: Osteoporosis is becoming a global epidemic in aging societies. Anti-osteoporotic medications can prevent fractures, and their pleiotropic effect on mortality is interesting but not well compared among each other. OBJECTIVE: To provide real-world evidence on the pleiotropic effect of different anti-osteoporotic medications on all-cause mortality, stratified by fracture site, sex, and age. METHODS: This longitudinal population-based postfracture cohort study, included mega-data from subjects ≥40 years of age with osteoporotic fracture who used anti-osteoporotic medications as recorded in Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database from 2009 to 2017 and followed until 2018. A multivariate Cox proportional hazards model with immortal time bias was used to assess the relationship between fracture sites and mortality stratified by anti-osteoporosis medication. RESULTS: A total of 46 729 subjects with an average age of 74.45 years (80.0% female) and a mean follow-up period of 4.73 years were enrolled. In the total fracture group, compared with raloxifene and bazedoxifene, we found that alendronate/risedronate (hazard ratio [HR] 0.83; 95% CI, 0.79-0.88), denosumab (HR 0.86; 95% CI, 0.81-0.91), and zoledronic acid (HR 0.78; 95% CI, 0.73-0.84) resulted in significantly lower mortality. Similar trends were observed in the hip, vertebral, or nonhip/nonvertebral fracture groups. Subjects receiving long-acting zoledronic acid showed the lowest mortality in the subanalysis according to sex or age over 65 years. CONCLUSION: This real-world mega-data study suggests that the usage of osteoporotic medication, especially a long-acting regimen, may lower postfracture mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)827-833
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume108
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Mar 10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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