We propose a new device structure for room-temperature single-electron/hole transistors based on nanosize narrow-width fully depleted silicon-on-insulator (SOI) CMOS transistors. The floating body of SOI MOSFETs can become a Coulomb island, whose single charging energy is more than 30 meV, as the gate length and width of MOSFETs is less than 10 nm. As SOI MOSFETs are biased at accumulation, single-electron, or hole tunnels, are sent, one by one, from the source to the floating body and then to the drain via Zener tunneling process. N-channel SOI MOSFETs can have the functions of single-electron transistors (n-SETs) while p-channel MOSFETs can have the functions of single-hole transistors (p-SETs). SOI MOSFETs still behave as typical MOSFETs when biased at inversion. There is a gate voltage margin of 0.9 V to separate Coulomb blockade oscillations from CMOS normal operation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering