The emergence of computation-intensive and delay-sensitive vehicular applications poses a great challenge for individual vehicles with limited computation resources. Mobile edge computing (MEC) is a new paradigm shift that can enhance vehicular services through computation offloading. However, the high mobility of vehicles will affect offloading performance. In this paper, we investigate the vehicular user (VU) computation overhead minimization problem in MEC-enabled vehicular networks by jointly optimizing the computation and communication resources' allocation (transmit power and uploading time for communication, and the offloading ratio and local CPU frequency for computation). This optimization problem is nonconvex and difficult to solve directly. To deal with this issue, we first transform the original problem into an equivalent one. Then, we decompose the equivalent problem into a two-level problem. In addition, we develop a low-complexity algorithm to obtain the optimal solution. The numerical results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can significantly outperform benchmark algorithms in terms of computation overhead.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)
- Materials Science(all)