Computer-Aided Three-Dimensional Virtual Surgical Planning in Complex Skull Base Reconstruction for Sphenoid Wing Dysplasia in Neurofibromatosis Type 1

Hao Hsiang Hsu, Chia En Wong, Jing Wei Lee, Chi Chen Huang, Jung Shun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Unilateral sphenoid dysplasia is a rare but distinctive manifestation of neurofibromatosis type 1, causing pulsatile exophthalmos, decreased vision, and facial deformity. Surgical intervention is required to prevent visual deterioration. However, the reconstruction of a complex cranial base defect while fulfilling cosmetic needs is challenging. The asymmetric anatomy impedes identification and preservation of vital structures, and the use of bone grafts is often unsustainable due to resorption. Here we demonstrate a multimodal technique combining mirror-image-based virtual surgical planning, stereolithography, and neuronavigation to achieve skull base reconstruction and restore facial symmetry in an neurofibromatosis type 1 patient with sphenoid dysplasia. Preoperative surgical planning involved mirror-image simulation based on the unaffected contralateral counterpart and a stereolithographic skull-base model fabricated to design a patient-specific titanium mesh. Surgical reconstruction via the transcranial approach under intraoperative neuronavigation was performed. Immediate resolution of pulsatile proptosis was observed postoperatively. With the help of virtual surgical planning, stereolithography, and neuronavigation, precise and sustainable reconstruction with patient-specific implants can be tailored for a complex skull base defect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2539-2541
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Computer-Aided Three-Dimensional Virtual Surgical Planning in Complex Skull Base Reconstruction for Sphenoid Wing Dysplasia in Neurofibromatosis Type 1'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this