Computing and learning year-round daily patterns of hourly wind speed and direction and their global associations with meteorological factors

Hsing Ti Wu, Hsieh Fushing, Laurence Z.H. Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Daily wind patterns and their relational associations with other metocean (oceanographic and meteorological) variables were algorithmically computed and extracted from a year-long wind and weather dataset, which was collected hourly from an ocean buoy located in the Penghu archipelago of Taiwan. The computational algorithm is called data cloud geometry (DCG). This DCG algorithm is a clustering-based nonparametric learning approach that was constructed and developed implicitly based on various entropy concepts. Regarding the bivariate aspect of wind speed and wind direction, the resulting multiscale clustering hierarchy revealed well-known wind characteristics of year-round pattern cycles pertaining to the particular geographic location of the buoy. A wind pattern due to a set of extreme weather days was also identified. Moreover, in terms of the relational aspect of wind and other weather variables, causal patterns were revealed through applying the DCG algorithm alternatively on the row and column axes of a data matrix by iteratively adapting distance measures to computed DCG tree structures. This adaptation technically constructed and integrated a multiscale, two-sample testing into the distance measure. These computed wind patterns and pattern-based causal relationships are useful for both general sailing and competition planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5784-5798
Number of pages15
JournalEntropy
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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