Concentration characteristics of VOCs and acids/bases in the gas phase and water-soluble ions in the particle phase at an electrical industry park during construction and mass production

Jiun H. Tsai, Yao S. Huang, Zhu X. Shieh, Hung L. Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electronics industry is a major business in the Central Taiwan Science Park (CTSP). Particulate samples and 11 water-soluble ionic species in the particulate phase were measured by ionic chromatography (IC). Additionally, acid and base gases were sampled by denuder absorption and analyzed by IC. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were collected in stainless-steel canisters four times daily and analyzed via gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Ozone formation potential (OFP) was measured using maximum increment reactivity. In addition, airborne pollutants during (1) construction and (2) mass production were measured. Particulate matter concentration did not increase significantly near the optoelectronic plant during construction, but it was higher than during mass production. SO2, HNO2 and NH3 were the dominant gases in the denuder absorption system. Nitrate, sulfate, and ammonium ions predominated both in PM2.5 and PM10-2.5; but calcium ion concentration was significantly higher in PM10-2.5 samples during construction. Toluene, propane, isopentane, and n-butane may have come from vehicle exhaust. Construction equipment emitted high concentrations of ethylbenzene, m-xylene, p-xylene, o-xylene, 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, and toluene. During mass production, methyl ethyl ketone), acetone and ethyl acetate were significantly higher than during construction, although there was continuous rain. The aromatic group constituted > 50% of the VOC concentration totals and contributed >70% of OFP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-551
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering

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