Concentration effects of grape seed extracts in anti-oral cancer cells involving differential apoptosis, oxidative stress, and DNA damage

Ching Yu Yen, Ming Feng Hou, Zhi Wen Yang, Jen Yang Tang, Kun Tzu Li, Hurng Wern Huang, Yu Hsuan Huang, Sheng Yang Lee, Tzu Fun Fu, Che Yu Hsieh, Bing Hung Chen, Hsueh Wei Chang

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Grape seeds extract (GSE) is a famous health food supplement for its antioxidant property. Different concentrations of GSE may have different impacts on cellular oxidative/reduction homeostasis. Antiproliferative effect of GSE has been reported in many cancers but rarely in oral cancer. Methods: The aim of this study is to examine the antioral cancer effects of different concentrations of GSE in terms of cell viability, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial function, and DNA damage. Results: High concentrations (50-400 μg/ml) of GSE dose-responsively inhibited proliferation of oral cancer Ca9-22 cells but low concentrations (1-10 μg/ml) of GSE showed a mild effect in a MTS assay. For apoptosis analyses, subG1 population and annexin V intensity in high concentrations of GSE-treated Ca9-22 cells was increased but less so at low concentrations. ROS generation and mitochondrial depolarization increased dose-responsively at high concentrations but showed minor changes at low concentrations of GSE in Ca9-22 cells. Additionally, high concentrations of GSE dose-responsively induced more γH2AX-based DNA damage than low concentrations. Conclusions: Differential concentrations of GSE may have a differentially antiproliferative function against oral cancer cells via differential apoptosis, oxidative stress and DNA damage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number94
JournalBMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 29

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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