Confinement degradation and transport of energetic ions due to Alfvén eigenmodes in JT-60U weak shear plasmas

M. Ishikawa, M. Takechi, K. Shinohara, Chio-Zong Cheng, G. Matsunaga, Y. Kusama, A. Fukuyama, T. Nishitani, A. Morioka, M. Sasao, M. Baba

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Abstract

The confinement degradation and transport of energetic ions due to Alfvén eigenmodes (AEs) destabilized by negative-ion-based neutral beam injection are quantitatively evaluated for the first time. AEs were observed in JT-60U weak shear plasmas with frequencies sweeping up to 30-50 kHz on a time scale of a few hundred milliseconds as the safety factor at the plasma centre, q(0), decreases from 1.75 to 1.5. Then as q(0) decreases from 1.5 to 1.25 in about 600 ms, the AE frequencies are saturated and the AEs are identified as the TAEs. The measured total neutron emission rate (Sn) in the presence of these AEs is compared with that predicted by classical theory. As a result, the confinement degradation of energetic ions is confirmed and the reduction rate in Sn is largest when AEs are destabilized and are located at the large fast ion pressure gradient region in the plasma core. In order to investigate the energetic ion transport due to these AEs, line-integrated neutron emission profiles measured with a large neutron collimator array are compared with the classical confinement calculations. It is found that energetic ions are transported from the plasma core region to the outer region due to these AEs. Furthermore, changes in the energy distribution of charge exchange energetic neutral particle fluxes suggest that the radial energetic ion transport is due to the resonance interaction between the energetic ions and the AEs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number016
Pages (from-to)849-855
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume47
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Ishikawa, M., Takechi, M., Shinohara, K., Cheng, C-Z., Matsunaga, G., Kusama, Y., Fukuyama, A., Nishitani, T., Morioka, A., Sasao, M., & Baba, M. (2007). Confinement degradation and transport of energetic ions due to Alfvén eigenmodes in JT-60U weak shear plasmas. Nuclear Fusion, 47(8), 849-855. [016]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/47/8/016