Congenital dyserythropoiesis anemia type Ia with a novel CDAN1 mutation diagnosed by whole exome sequencing

Pei Chin Lin, Chao Neng Cheng, Hsi Yuan Huang, Yu Hsin Tseng, Ya Sian Chang, Chien Yu Lin, Jan Gowth Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Congenital dyserythropoiesis anemia type Ia (OMIM:224120), is a rare hereditary anemia. The diagnosis is difficult to make and usually delayed in part due to its rarity and nonspecific clinical manifestations. Methods: Whole exome sequencing was applied for the genetic diagnosis of a 12-year-old boy who has suffered from hemolytic anemia since birth and who requires regular transfusions. Sanger sequencing of the variants detected in whole exome sequencing was performed in the patient and his parents. Results: Compound heterozygous mutations of CDAN1 gene, including one previously reported and one novel mutation, which is a splicing change, were detected in the whole exome sequencing and confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The autosomal recessive inheritance was confirmed by pedigree analysis. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first case report of congenital dyserythropoiesis anemia type Ia with genetic diagnosis to be located in Taiwan. Because of the rarity of CDA Ia and the overlapping of the clinical manifestations with other hereditary anemias, the next-generation sequencing approach is effective for conclusive diagnosis of CDA Ia.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1220
JournalMolecular Genetics and Genomic Medicine
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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