Congenital heart disease with pulmonary artery hypertension in an Asian cohort-initial report from TACHYON (TAiwan congenital heart disease associated with pulmonarY arterial hypertension) registry

TACHYON investigators

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Prospective registry studies of congenital heart disease (CHD)-associated pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) are rare. We established a multicenter registry of CHD-PAH: the TACHYON (TAiwan Congenital Heart disease associated with pulmonarY arterial hypertension) registry. Methods: The prospective TACHYON registry was initiated in January 2016. Nine pediatric cardiology centers with 99 patients were included. Using this database, we evaluated clinical characteristics and outcomes. Results: Twelve patients with incomplete data were excluded. For the remaining 87 patients, mean age of enrollment was 37.4 (SD 18.2) years, and the male to female ratio was 60:27. PAH after defect closure accounted for 46 (52.9%) and Eisenmenger syndrome for 30 (34.5%) cases. Atrial septal defect was the most common (48.3%) disease, followed by ventricular septal defect. Mean pulmonary artery pressure was 56.7 (SD 19.4) mmHg. PAH-targeted therapy was used in 95.4% of patients. Sildenafil and bosentan were the most common drugs. After mean 23.9 months of follow-up, the 2-year Kaplan–Meier survival rate was 93.2%. According to univariate Cox regression analysis, significant risk factors included right heart failure signs, symptom progression, high-risk baseline N-terminal pro–brain natriuretic peptide (BNP)/BNP, high-risk baseline 6-min walking distance (6MWD), and high baseline hemoglobin/hematocrit level. Using the three noninvasive parameters (functional class, 6MWD, NT-pro BNP/BNP) proposed by the European Society of Cardiology, the total number of high-risk criteria predicted survival rate reliably. Conclusions: Using the TACHYON registry is feasible, but the physicians' adherences to guidelines are unsatisfactory. Midterm outcomes of PAH-target therapy are favorable and predictable using noninvasive parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume317
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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