A coded wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM PON) is presented for fiber to the home (FTTH) systems to protect against eavesdropping. The proposed scheme applies spectral amplitude coding (SAC) with a unipolar maximal-length sequence (M-sequence) code matrix to generate a specific signature address (coding) and to retrieve its matching address codeword (decoding) by exploiting the cyclic properties inherent in array waveguide grating (AWG) routers. In addition to ensuring the confidentiality of user data, the proposed coded-WDM scheme is also a suitable candidate for the physical layer with connection anonymity. Under the assumption that the eavesdropper applies a photo-detection strategy, it is shown that the coded WDM PON outperforms the conventional TDM PON and WDM PON schemes in terms of a higher degree of connection anonymity. Additionally, the proposed scheme allows the system operator to partition the optical network units (ONUs) into appropriate groups so as to achieve a better degree of anonymity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering